Using slashes in formal writing abbreviations

I am therefore creating this post to document a fairly complete list of authorities that support what I think is the better if not obvious view: University of Chicago Press,Rule 5.

Using slashes in formal writing abbreviations

Abbreviations If you are frequently confronted with decisions regarding abbreviations, get hold of a copy of either The Chicago Manual of Style or The Gregg Reference Manual. Both these books contain extensive chapters on proper form in using abbreviations, as well as the possessive and plural forms of abbreviations.

The plural of Mr. Carter, Lincoln, and Ford.


The plural of Dr. The plural of Mrs. In most formal prose, we do not use titles, abbreviated or otherwise, with individuals. Emily Dickinson is simply Emily Dickinson, and after the first use of her full name, Dickinson will do unless we need Emily to avoid confusion with other Dickinsons.

In informal language or when we're trying to save space or make a list, we can write Rev.


In formal text, we would write "the Reverend Alan B. Darling" and "the Honorable Francisco Gonzales" i. Incidentally, we cannot say "We invited the reverend to dinner" and only a cad would invite "the rev.

These are standard abbreviations, with periods. The APA Publication Manual recommends not using periods with degrees; other reference manuals do recommend using periods, so use your own judgment on this issue.

using slashes in formal writing abbreviations

All sources advise against using titles before and after a name at the same time i. And we do not abbreviate a title that isn't attached to a name: If you list a "junior" with his spouse, the "Jr.

1 Obtaining R

You should avoid using a "Jr. Have you ever run across an acronym or abbreviation and not known what it means? Try using the Acronym Finder. Just type in the letters and click on Search.

Out of a database of overabbreviations and acronyms, the Finder will probably discover what you're looking for.

Accessing Text Corpora and Lexical Resources A technical term in grammar for the word or phrase to which a relative pronoun refers.

Also, we can use U. Terms of mathematical units: There is a space between the number and the abbreviation.A or An.. Use an in place of a when it precedes a vowel sound, not just a means it's “an honor” (the h is silent), but “a UFO” (because it's pronounced yoo eff oh).

Most of the confusion with a or an arises from acronyms and other abbreviations: some people think it's wrong to use an in front of an abbreviation like “MRI” because “an” can only go before vowels. Prior to computers, people were taught to underline titles of books and plays and to surround chapters, articles, songs, and other shorter works in quotation marks.

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The one inarguably acceptable use of the slash in formal writing pertains to poetry. The slash, with one space on either side, indicates a line break. Abbreviations. Certain abbreviations are formed with a slash. c/o (care of) P/E ratio (price-to-earnings ratio) w/ (with). Be aware that using a slash is generally considered informal by style guides, and its use is discouraged in formal, academic, and professional writing.

In formal writing, it is best to limit abbreviations, but consult your style guide when using. To unlock this lesson you must be a Member. Create your account.

Lynch, Guide to Grammar and Style — A