Composition and publication history[ edit ] T. Alfred Prufrock" between February and July or August
See Article History Alternative Title: Thomas Stearns Eliot T.
Louis, MissouriU. Eliot exercised a strong influence on Anglo-American culture from the s until late in the century. His experiments in dictionstyle, and versification revitalized English poetry, and in a series of critical essays he shattered old orthodoxies and erected new ones. The publication of Four Quartets led to his recognition as the greatest living English poet and man of letters, and in he was awarded both the Order of Merit and the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Early years Eliot was descended from a distinguished New England family that had relocated to St. From Smith Academy in St. The men who influenced him at Harvard were George Santayanathe philosopher and poet, and the critic Irving Babbitt.
From Babbitt he derived an anti-Romantic attitude that, amplified by his later reading of British philosophers F.
Hulmelasted through his life. In the academic year —10 he was an assistant in philosophy at Harvard. From to he was back at Harvard, reading Indian philosophy and studying Sanskrit. In Eliot met and began a close association with the American poet Ezra Pound. Early publications Modernist writer T.
He was probably the most erudite poet of his time in the English language. Let us go then, you and I, When the evening is spread out against the sky Like a patient etherized upon a table. It represented a break with the immediate past as radical as that of Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth in Lyrical Ballads The significance of the revolution is still disputed, but the striking similarity to the Romantic revolution of Coleridge and Wordsworth is obvious: Eliot and Pound, like their 18th-century counterparts, set about reforming poetic diction.
Meanwhile, he was also a prolific reviewer and essayist in both literary criticism and technical philosophy. The Waste Land expresses with great power the disenchantment, disillusionment, and disgust of the period after World War I. In a series of vignettesloosely linked by the legend of the search for the Grailit portrays a sterile world of panicky fears and barren lusts, and of human beings waiting for some sign or promise of redemption.
This scholarly supplement distracted some readers and critics from perceiving the true originality of the poem, which lay rather in its rendering of the universal human predicament of man desiring salvationand in its manipulation of language, than in its range of literary references. In his earlier poems Eliot had shown himself to be a master of the poetic phrase.
The Waste Land showed him to be, in addition, a metrist of great virtuosity, capable of astonishing modulations ranging from the sublime to the conversational. But The Waste Land is not a simple contrast of the heroic past with the degraded present; it is, rather, a timeless simultaneous awareness of moral grandeur and moral evil.
The poet writing in English may therefore make his own tradition by using materials from any past period, in any language. Two other essays, first published the year after The Sacred Wood, almost complete the Eliot critical canon:Also important to New Criticism was the idea—as articulated in Eliot's essay "Hamlet and His Problems"—of an that is, a poet should write to advance his own interests rather than to advance "historical scholarship".
Viewed from Eliot's critical lens, The Letters of T. S. Eliot, edited by Valerie Eliot and Hugh Haughton. Why choose English Literature BA(Hons)? Year-long modules allow you to study subjects in depth.
Dissertations and research projects supervised by internationally recognised and published researchers allowing you to develop your own critical voice. New Criticism.
A literary movement that started in the late s and s and originated in reaction to traditional criticism that new critics saw as largely concerned with matters extraneous to the text, e.g., with the biography or psychology of the author or the work's relationship to literary history.
A summary of an influential essay ‘Hamlet and his Problems’ is one of T. S. Eliot’s most important and influential essays. It was first published in T.S. Eliot: Eliot’s collection of essays on poetry and criticism covers such masters of verse as Dante and Blake as well as his critical views of poetic drama, rhetoric, blank verse and other critics such as Ben Johnson, Swinburne and Phillip Massinger.
Hamlet and His Problems Ben Jonson Philip Massinger Swinburne As Poet Blake Dante. Hamlet: A Sane Character - The story Hamlet was composed by the playwright William Shakespeare, and is regarded as a timeless piece in both literature and theatre.