See Article History Mafia, hierarchically structured society of criminals of primarily Italian or Sicilian birth or extraction. The term applies to the traditional criminal organization in Sicily and also to a criminal organization in the United States. The Mafia arose in Sicily during the late Middle Ageswhere it possibly began as a secret organization dedicated to overthrowing the rule of the various foreign conquerors of the island—e. The Mafia owed its origins and drew its members from the many small private armies, or mafie, that were hired by absentee landlords to protect their landed estates from bandits in the lawless conditions that prevailed over much of Sicily through the centuries.
The material presented on this page deals with various aspects of organized crime and the fight against organized crime in the United States. Some of the material has originally been collected for a doctoral thesis. Check out the following abstracts for further clues: Myth, Power, Profit," sponsored by the University of Lausanne, Switzerland, in Octoberexplores the conceptual history of organized crime in the United States and Germany.
Definitions of Organized Crime What is organized crime? How to define it? Can you define it? Find out what scholars and official committees in the U. But what exactly is it that Mario Puzo wrote about organized crime in his famous novel?
Take a look at the passages in Godfather that pertain to the nature of organized crime. Congress and Organized Crime What impact has the issue of organized crime had on Congress?
Since the late s House and Senate have spent a great deal of time investigating organized crime. Check out an extensive list of congressional hearings and reports. Organized Crime and Federal Legislation How has the concept of organized crime been translated into law?
Interestingly, the term "racketeering," which was most popular in the s, has prevailed in legal terminology, namely in the RICO Statute. A list of federal racketeering laws tells of the history of anti-organized-crime laws in the U. The Concept and Theory of Organized Crime Where has the term "organized crime" originally come from, how has its meaning changed over time, and what actors and social influences have brought about these changes?
What are the contributions of the social sciences to the understanding of organized crime? What concrete concepts and empirical data are at the base of the current public and scientific understanding of organized crime in the United States? Can the various and often conflicting approaches to the understanding of organized crime be combined in a single model of organized crime?
These questions are addressed in a German-language study. Find out more from an English abstract of the book.Famous Cases & Criminals. History. A Brief History investigation into public corruption and organized crime, infamously code-named ABSCAM.
terrorist to . Crime in the United States has been recorded since colonization. Crime rates have varied over time, with a sharp rise after , reaching a broad peak between the s and early s.
Since then, crime has declined significantly in the United States, and current crime rates are approximately the same as those of the s. 1.
History of. Gangs in the United States Introduction. A widely respected chronicler of British crime, Luke Pike (), reported the first active gangs in Western civilization. Download a revised and extended version of this paper that was published in: Forum on Crime and Society Vol.
1 No. 2, December , under the title "Not a process of enlightenment: the conceptual history of organized crime in Germany and the United States of America". Organized crime in America has a history that stretches from into the twenty-first century. From its beginnings in urban America to the global connections that characterize the phenomenon today, organized crime has proven to be a dynamic enterprise.
Typically, other reference works on organized crime in the United States focus primarily on the Mafia and La Cosa Nostra, and neglect the many new ethnic and racial criminal organizations that permeate American society today.