Background[ edit ] The exoticism of Saracen invaders is stressed in this detail from The Saracen Army outside Paris, by Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeldpainted —27, which actually depicts a fictional incident from Ludovico Ariosto Cassino Massimo, Rome  The Battle of Tours followed two decades of Umayyad conquests in Europe which had begun with the invasion of the Visigothic Christian Kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula in These were followed by military expeditions into the Frankish territories of Gaulformer provinces of the Roman Empire. Umayyad military campaigns had reached northward into Aquitaine and Burgundyincluding a major engagement at Bordeaux and a raid on Autun. The number of troops in each army is not known.
Theudoald was defeated and fled back to Cologne. Before the end of the year, Charles Martel had escaped from prison and been acclaimed mayor by the nobles of Austrasia. Battle of Cologne[ edit ] InChilperic and Ragenfrid together led an army into Austrasia intent on seizing the Pippinid wealth at Cologne.
The Neustrians allied with another invading force under Radbod, King of the Frisians and met Charles in battle near Colognewhich was still held by Plectrude. Charles had little time to gather men, or prepare, and the result was the only defeat of his career.
The Frisians held off Charles, while the king and his mayor besieged Plectrude at Cologne, where she bought them off with a substantial portion of Pepin's treasure. Having made the proper preparations, in Aprilhe fell upon the triumphant army near Malmedy as it was returning to its own province. According to one source, he split his forces into several groups which fell at them from many sides.
In any event, the suddenness of the assault lead them to believe they were facing a much larger host.
Many of the enemy fled and Martel's troops gathered the spoils of the camp. Martel's reputation increased considerably as a result, and he attracted more followers. In this battle, Charles set a pattern for the remainder of his military career. He appeared where his enemies least expected him, while they were marching triumphantly home and far outnumbered him.
Finally, he attacked them how they least expected it, by feigning a retreat to draw his opponents into a trap.
The feigned retreat, next to unknown in Western Europe at that time—it was a traditionally eastern tactic—required both extraordinary discipline on the part of the troops and exact timing on the part of their commander.
The result was an unbroken victory streak that lasted until his death. The abbey had been built on land donated by Plectrude's mother, Irmina of Oerenbut most of Willibrord's missionary work had been carried out in Frisia.
In joining Chilperic and Ragenfrid, Radbod of Frisia sacked Utrecht, burning churches and killing many missionaries.
Willibrord and his monks were forced to flee to Echternach. Gerberding suggests that Willibrord had decided that the chances of preserving his life's work were better with a successful field commander like Martel than with Plectrude in Cologne. Willibrord subsequently baptized Martel's son Pepin.
Gerberding suggests a likely date of Easter Charles took time to rally more men and prepare. By the following spring, Charles had attracted enough support to invade Neustria. Charles sent an envoy who proposed a secession of hostilities if Chilperic would recognize his rights as mayor of the palace in Austrasia.
The refusal was not unexpected but served to impress upon Martel's forces the unreasonableness of the Neustrians. They met near Cambrai at the Battle of Vincy on 21 March The victorious Martel pursued the fleeing king and mayor to Paris, but as he was not yet prepared to hold the city, he turned back to deal with Plectrude and Cologne.
He took the city and dispersed her adherents. Plectrude was allowed to retire to a convent; Theudoald lived to under his uncle's protection, a kindness—unusual for those timeswhen mercy to a former gaoler, or a potential rival, was rare.
InChilperic responded to Charles' new ascendancy by making an alliance with Odo the Great or Eudes, as he is sometimes knownthe duke of Aquitainewho had become independent during the civil war inbut was again defeated, at the Battle of Soissonsby Charles.Hamilton Tours Ltd.
was established on November 2, and has become known for its personalized service. Battle of Tours, also called Battle of Poitiers, (October ), victory won by Charles Martel, the de facto ruler of the Frankish kingdoms, over Muslim invaders from Spain.
The battlefield cannot be exactly located, but it was fought somewhere between Tours and Poitiers, in what is now west-central France. The Battle of Tours (October ), also called the Battle of Poitiers and in Arabic language: معركة بلاط الشهداء (ma‘arakat Balâṭ ash-Shuhadâ - Battle of the Palace of Martyrs) was fought in an area between the cities of Poitiers and Tours, in north-central France, near the village of Moussais-la-Bataille, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) northeast of Heavy: 12,, notably Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi., Heavy (less than 10,).
BBC History - Timelines index page. Section highlights. British History Timeline. Explore all of British history, from the Neolithic to the present day, with this easy-to-use interactive timeline.
The battle of Tours marks a major turning point in the history of Western Civilization. One where the spread of Islam into Europe was reversed, and Christianity begins to give the people of Europe something more in common with each other. CURRENT OPEN TOURS WWII European Battlefield Tour - Already 50% full, don't delay, book now!
WWII European Battlefield Tour 9 - This tour is already filling up, book now! Both of the above tours are already booking.