How to Write a Summary of an Article? Nursing Reflection Going back through previous experiences and tracing back the footsteps we have made allows us to reminisce about the good things that have happened in our lives. Somehow the undesirable memories would also seep in as they are part and parcel of our existence that we cannot do away with. This process gives us an opportunity to encounter past events that can necessarily aid us in the future.
Essays were often written under time constraints and the focus was on producing an essay in one sitting. In this situation, I would stop writing when I reached the required word count.
Another common problem in the teaching of writing is the lack of pre-writing activities.
Learners are sometimes asked to write on a topic that they are not familiar with. One of the ways to support learners is to have them take notes as they read around a particular topic before drafting their essays. At the drafting stage, learners plan their essay structure and organise their ideas.
Then, they start to write the first draft of their essays. At the revising stage, they read their first draft and reorganise their ideas, if necessary. An essay may go through multiple revisions.
The final stage is editing.
At this stage, learners proof-read their essays, focusing on grammar, punctuation and formatting. Theory and practice As a strong advocate of awareness raising, I believe that learners should be made aware that well-crafted essays cannot be written in one sitting. Also, teachers can introduce the four stages to learners in the classroom.
Depending on the availability and accessibility of technology, teachers can assign learners to search for information related to an essay topic on the Internet. If there is a lack of time or resources, they can provide learners with relevant reading materials. Nunan states that a text is improved by reflection, discussion and reworking successive drafts.
However, learners often neglect the revising stage. It is useful for teachers to provide a list of guidelines to help learners revise their own writing or to facilitate peer-review activities.
I have included two examples of guidelines here — one for revising advanced and one for editing lower intermediate. A process genre approach to teaching writing. ELT Journal, 54 2 A textbook for teachers.The process approach to writing consists of four stages (Badger & White, ): 1.
pre-writing 2. drafting 3.
revising 4. editing. The main purpose of the pre-writing stage is to provide opportunities for learners to brainstorm ideas on and read around an essay topic. The process of writing and submitting a portfolio for the U.K.
Professional Standards Framework is described as a reflective, evidence-based approach to teaching and . Once I had identified the process-writing as the approach that would be the basis of the project, I introduced this to my students.
They were asked to take an active part in the project development, and a consent form was sent to their parents. The writing assignment instructions provided to the medical students were the learning objectives of this reflective writing course in addition to orientations on how to use Gibbs's reflective writing model to complete their writing assignments.
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to analyse the critical role reflection plays in work-based learning (WBL). Design/methodology/approach This paper presents an contextualist examination of reflection in the WBL environment. “Reflection is a process of reviewing an experience of practice in order to describe, analyse, evaluate and so inform learning about practice” (Reid, p).