Borders and loyalties

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Borders and loyalties

Austrian Littoral in A leaflet from the period of Fascist Italianizationprohibiting the public use of the " Slav language" on the streets of Vodnjan in south-western Istria.

Borders and loyalties

The Histri are classified in some sources as a "Venetic" Illyrian tribe, with certain linguistic differences from other Illyrians. It took two military campaigns for the Romans to finally subdue them in BC. The region was then called together with the Venetian part the X.

Roman Region of "Venetia et Histria", the ancient definition of the northeastern border of Italy. Dante Alighieri refers to it as well, the eastern border of Italy per ancient definition is the river Arsia. The eastern side of this river was settled by people whose culture was different than Histrians.

Earlier influence of the Iapodes was attested there, while at some time between the 4th and 1st century BC, the Liburnians extended their territory and it became a part of Liburnia.

Some scholars speculate that the names Histri and Istria are related to the Latin name Hister, or Danube especially its lower course.

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Ancient folktales reported—inaccurately—that the Danube split in two or "bifurcated" and came to the sea near Trieste as well as at the Black Sea. The story of the "bifurcation of the Danube" is part of the Argonaut legend.

It was subsequently annexed to the Lombard Kingdom inand then annexed to the Frankish kingdom by Pepin of Italy in Risanumwhich was a meeting between the representatives of Istrian towns and castles and the deputies of Charlemagne and his son Pepin.

The report about this judicial diet illustrates the changes accompanying the transfer of power from the Eastern Roman Empire to the Carolingian Empire and the discontent of the local residents. Venetian Republic[ edit ] The coastal areas and cities of Istria came under Venetian Influence in the 9th century.

On 15 FebruaryParenzo was formally incorporated with the Venetian state. Bajamonte Tiepolo was sent away from Venice into start a new life in Istria after his downfall. A description of the 16th-century Istria with a precise map was prepared by the Italian geographer Pietro Coppo.

A copy of the map inscribed in stone can now be seen in the Pietro Coppo Park in the center of the town of Izola in southwestern Slovenia. Inwith the Treaty of Campo Formiothe Venetian parts of the peninsula also passed to the Habsburg Monarchy, which became the Austrian Empire in Austrian Empire — [ edit ] After this seven-year period, the Austrian Empire regained Istria, which became part of the constituent Kingdom of Illyria.

Why Ukrainian forces gave up Crimea without a fight - and NATO is alert | Reuters A theological analysis of immigration and borders by Gilbert Meilaender and Peter C.
History of Scotland - Medieval Scotland (843 AD - 1296 AD) The price paid was a heavy one for the Gaels who founded ancient Dalriada, for the very factors that conspired to unite Scotland under one language and one king worked to alienate the clan-based, Gaelic-speaking west so that by the Highland line was clearly established culturally as well as geographically. MacAlpin's kingdom stretched from west to east across the face of Scotland, with a British kingdom firmly established in Strathclyde to the southwest, and the Angles permanently based in Lothian and Northumbria.

At that time the borders of Istria included part of what is now Italian Venezia-Giulia and parts of modern-day Slovenia and Croatia, but not the city of Trieste.

Between and — especially after the loss of Venetia following the Third Italian War of Independence — the Austro-Hungarian Empire encouraged the rise of the Slavic ethnicity to counteract the irredentism of the Italian population in Istria and Dalmatia.

Julian March and Foibe massacres After World War I and the dissolution of Austria-Hungarythere was a strong local movement toward Istrian independence, [11] but in the end Istria was partitioned to Italy in the Treaty of Rapallo Inuse of Slavic languages was banned, to the extent that Slavic family names were ordered to be changed to suit the fascist authorities.

Pro-fascist, pro-Allied, Istrian nationalist, and Yugoslav-supported pro-communist groups fought with each other and the Italian army.

After the German withdrawal inYugoslav partisans gained the upper hand and began a violent purge of real or suspected opponents in an "orgy of revenge". Istrian exodus and Morgan Line After the end of World War IIIstria was ceded to Yugoslaviaexcept for a small part in the northwest corner that formed Zone B of the provisionally independent Free Territory of Trieste ; Zone B was under Yugoslav administration and after the de facto dissolution of the Free Territory in it was also incorporated into Yugoslavia.

The events of that period are visible in Pula. The city had an Italian majority, and is located on the southernmost tip of the Istrian peninsula. Between December and Septembera large proportion of the city's inhabitants were forced to emigrate to Italy.

After the breakup of Yugoslavia after [ edit ] The division of Istria between Croatia and Slovenia runs on the former republic borders, which were not precisely defined in the former Yugoslavia.

Various points of contention remain unresolved between the two countries regarding the precise line of the border.This book examines the organisation of power and society in north-east England over two crucial centuries in the emergence of the English 'state'.

Engla. Thompson. Thomson. Thoms. Clan Thompson Society held its inaugural general membership meeting May 30 at Glasgow KY. We were granted arms in July and are actively representing Thoms in the US and elsewhere. Border Liberties and Loyalties in North-East England, Border Liberties and Loyalties: North-East England, c.

to c. (): Matthew Holford, Keith Stringer: Books5/5(1). To march on Southern soil, consequently, meant marching through hostile Border States. The Border State Civil War History portrays divided loyalties, the Brother against Brother War, bushwhackers, and an environment well.

Think of a border, and what usually springs to mind is a political demarcation – a hard line, maybe even a wall, separating two nation-states.

Apr 23,  · We begin with a new take on the Munson-Nixon line, which differs from some previous interpretations in that it shows that Hartford has declared for the Yankees.

Fences and Neighbors by Gilbert Meilaender and Peter C. Meilaender | Articles | First Things