After many votes, the House of Representatives chose Jefferson, and soon thereafter the amendment was speedily approved.
This quote from the Journals of the Continental Congress, also conveys the meaning of well regulated: ResolvedThat this appointment be conferred on experienced and vigilant general officers, who are acquainted with whatever relates to the general economy, manoeuvres and discipline of a well regulated army.
In the passage that follows, do you think the U. That the strength of the Wabash Indians who were principally the object of the resolve of the 21st of Julyand the strength of the Creek Indians is very different.
That the said Creeks are not only greatly superior in numbers but are more united, better regulated, and headed by a man whose talents appear to have fixed him in their confidence.
That from the view of the object your Secretary has been able to take he conceives that the only effectual mode of acting against the said Creeks in case they should persist in their hostilities would be by making an invasion of their country with a powerful body of well regulated troops always ready to combat and able to defeat any combination of force the said Creeks could oppose and to destroy their towns and provisions.
I am unacquainted with the extent of your works, and consequently ignorant of the number or men necessary to man them. If your present numbers should be insufficient for that purpose, I would then by all means advise your making up the deficiency out of the best regulated militia that can be got.
For brevity the entire passage is not shown and this quote should not be construed to imply Washington favored militias, in fact he thought little of them, as the full passage indicates.
I am convinced it would be Attended by considerable desertions. And perhaps raise a Spirit of Discontent not easily Queld amongst the best regulated troops, but much more so amongst men unused to the Yoak of Military Discipline.
Adam Stephen, Oct 8,pp. Documentary History of Dunmore's War,Wisconsin historical society, pub. One of the Seamen that had formerly made a Greenland Voyage for Whale-Fishing, told us that in that country he had seen very great Troops of those Sea-Horses ranging upon Land, sometimes three or four hundred in a Troop: That description fits most closely with the "to put in good order" definition supplied by the Random House dictionary.
The Oxford dictionary's definition also appears to fit if one considers discipline in a military context to include or imply well-trained.
What about the Amendment's text itself? Considering the adjective "well" and the context of the militia clause, which is more likely to ensure the security of a free state, a militia governed by numerous laws or the proper amount of regulation [depending on the meaning of "well"] or a well-disciplined and trained militia?
This brief textual analysis also suggests "to put in good order" is the correct interpretation of well regulated, signifying a well disciplined, trained, and functioning militia. And finally, when regulated is used as an adjective, its meaning varies depending on the noun its modifying and of course the context.
This is by no means unusual, just as the word, bear, conveys a different meaning depending on the word it modifies: Security of a Free State Most likely "security of a free State" is synonymous with "security of a free country," as opposed to security of one of the States of the Union against federal oppression see UCLA law professor Eugene Volokh's commentary.
The People As ample evidence illustrates below, the people, as referred to in the Constitution at the time it was written, was synonymous with citizens.
Also shown below, some scholars mistakenly assume that when the Constitution refers to "the people," a collective right or entity is referenced. However, that notion is incorrect. When the term "the people" is used, it could be referring to a right that is exercised individually, collectively, or both, depending on context.
Of course, the meaning of the term "the people" is the same regardless. Why wasn't "person" or "persons" used instead of "the people" when enumerating certain individual rights?Other essays countered different criticisms made of the Constitution and echoed the argument in favor of a strong national government.
In Federalist No. 35, for example, Hamilton argued that people’s interests could in fact . Return to Creating the United States Constitution List Next Section: Convention and Ratification The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, on November 15, , but the states did not ratify them until March 1, The Articles.
AUTOBIOGRAPHY by Thomas Jefferson Table of Contents. The Declaration of Independence The Articles of Confederation The Virginia Legislature Review and Reform of the Law.
The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was the first constitution of the United States. It was drafted by the Second Continental Congress from mid through late , and ratification by all 13 states was completed by early The Federalist Papers were letters written in favor of the Constitution, that gave an explanation on why the Constitution was vital to the new nation.
Antifederalists Anti-federalists were people who opposed the Constitution because they felt that the government had too much power. The main arguments in favor of ratifying the Constitution were stated in a series of essays written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay called the Federalist Papers which were published in newspapers.