An analysis of the battle of uss monitor and the css merrimack during the american civil war

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An analysis of the battle of uss monitor and the css merrimack during the american civil war

Once within range of each other, the two ships opened fire on one another. After two days of pounding, battle was declared a tactical stalemate and the ships withdrew without either suffering much damage.

It was the first time iron ships clashed in naval warfare and signaled the beginning of the end of the era of wooden warships. It can be said that these two iron warships were the predecessors to the battleship.

Responsibilities roughly break down as follows:

Summary The Battle of Hampton Roads, often referred to as either the Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack or Virginia or the Battle of Ironclads, was the most noted and arguably most important naval battle of the American Civil War from the standpoint of the development of navies.

It was fought over two days, March 8—9,in Hampton Roads, a roadstead in Virginia where the Elizabeth and Nansemond Rivers meet the James River just before it enters Chesapeake Bay adjacent to the city of Norfolk. The major significance of the battle is that it was the first meeting in combat of ironclad warships: The Confederate fleet consisted of the ironclad ram Virginia built from the remnants of the USS Merrimack and several supporting vessels.

On the first day of battle, they were opposed by several conventional, wooden-hulled ships of the Union Navy. However, the action was halted by darkness and falling tide, so Virginia retired to take care of her few wounded — which included her captain, Flag Officer Franklin Buchanan — and repair her minimal battle damage.

During the night, however, the ironclad Monitor had arrived and had taken a position to defend Minnesota. When Virginia approached, Monitor intercepted her. The two ironclads fought for about three hours, with neither being able to inflict significant damage on the other.

The duel ended indecisively, Virginia returning to her home at the Gosport Navy Yard for repairs and strengthening, and Monitor to her station defending Minnesota. The ships did not fight again, and the blockade remained in place. The battle received worldwide attention, and it had immediate effects on navies around the world.

The preeminent naval powers, Great Britain and France, halted further construction of wooden-hulled ships, and others followed suit. A new type of warship was produced, the monitor, based on the principle of the original. The use of a small number of very heavy guns, mounted so that they could fire in all directions was first demonstrated by Monitor but soon became standard in warships of all types.

Shipbuilders also incorporated rams into the designs of warship hulls for the rest of the century. The USS Monitor became the prototype for the monitor warship type. She thus became the first of two ships whose names were applied to entire classes of their successors. The other was HMS Dreadnought.

Many more were built, including river monitors, and they played key roles in Civil War battles on the Mississippi and James rivers.

Battle of Hampton Roads Casemate Ironclad Virginia and Ironclad Monitor during Battle of Hampton Roads However, while the design proved exceptionally well-suited for river combat, the low profile and heavy turret caused poor seaworthiness in rough waters.

What followed has been described as "Monitor mania".

USS Monitor - Wikipedia

The revolving turret later inspired similar designs for future warships, which eventually became the modern battleship. The vulnerability of wooden hulls to armored ships was noted particularly in Britain and France, where the wisdom of the planned conversion of the battle fleet to armor was given a powerful demonstration.

Another feature that was emulated was not so successful. Impressed by the ease with which the Virginia had sunk the Cumberland, naval architects began to incorporate rams into their hull designs. The first purpose-built ram in the modern era was the French armored ram Taureauwhose guns were said to have "the sole function of preparing the way for the ram.CSS Virginia was the first ironclad warship constructed by the Confederate States Navy during Civil War ().

An analysis of the battle of uss monitor and the css merrimack during the american civil war

Following the outbreak of the conflict in April , the US Navy found that one of its largest facilities, the Norfolk (Gosport) Navy Yard, was now behind enemy lines. [], Billie. Letter, 2 January Accession 4 pages.

Letter, 2 January , from a soldier named Billie at Petersburg, Virginia, to his sister Maggie describing the wintery weather conditions around Petersburg during the siege of During the American Civil War, the CSS Virginia, a captured and rebuilt Union steam frigate formerly known as the Merrimac, engages the USS Monitor in the first battle between iron-fortified naval.

The history of the United States Navy divides into two major periods: the "Old Navy", a small but respected force of sailing ships that was also notable for innovation in the use of ironclads during the American Civil War, and the "New Navy", the result of a modernization effort that began in the s and made it the largest in the world by the s.

An analysis of the battle of uss monitor and the css merrimack during the american civil war

Starting from scratch and relying on ingenuity and innovation, the Confederacy was able to put into action more than 20 armored warships. During the Civil War, the agricultural South faced a daunting opponent in the industrialized North, and nowhere was that more apparent than on water.

The. American Civil War - U.S. History Images: Battle of Fort Henry This page has nine illustrations of the Battle of Fort Henry, which was fought on February 6, , in western was the first important victory for the Union and Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in the Western Theater.

U.S.S. Monitor battles C.S.S. Virginia - HISTORY